Things you might not have known about arthritis

Did you know that it is a myth that only old people can get arthritis? Young people are also at risk of developing the disease.

There are more than 100 different forms of arthritis and related diseases. The most known types include osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), fibromyalgia and gout.

Osteoarthritis (OA)

OA occurs when the flexible tissue at the ends of bones (i.e. cartilage) wears down. Treatment can help, but this condition can’t be cured. The condition can last for years or be lifelong. The wearing down of the protective tissue occurs gradually and worsens over time. It causes joint pain in the hands, neck, lower back, knees or hips.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

RA is the most common type of autoimmune arthritis. It is caused when the immune system (the body’s defense system) is not working properly. RA causes pain and swelling in the wrists, ankles and small joints of the hand and feet.

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA)

PsA is a form that affects some people who have the skin condition called psoriasis. Psoriatic arthritis is a type of inflammatory arthritis. Symptoms include joint pain, stiffness, and swelling, which may flare and subside. Many people with the condition are affected by morning stiffness. Even mild skin psoriasis can result in a significant degree of arthritis.

Fibromyalgia arthritis (FBA)

FBA commonly shows as widespread muscle pain and tenderness. Treatment can help, but this condition can’t be cured. Fibromyalgia is often accompanied by fatigue and altered sleep patterns, memory, and mood. Medication, talk therapy, and stress reduction may help control symptoms.


Gout is a type that causes inflammation, usually in one joint, that begins suddenly. It is caused by crystals of uric acid being deposited in a joint. It can cause signs and symptoms such as joint redness, nodules under the skin (called tophi), joint pain, swollen joints, and warmth of the joint.

The most consistent method of diagnosing gout is from an inflamed joint to have fluid removed and examined for uric acid crystals. Chronic gout is treated by lowering the uric acid level in the body by using medications. Gout can cause irreversible kidney problems, joint damage, and tophi if it’s left untreated.

Natural home remedies for relief of arthritic pain

Drink ginger and lemon tea. Stop eating fast food, junk food, fried food, and processed food. Eat fresh fruits, veggies, whole grains, fish, olive oil, nuts, garlic, onions, and herbs. Sniff some fragrant spices. Japanese researchers have found that lavender reduces levels of the stress hormone cortisol, which can make you feel relaxed and less aware of pain. Dipping your hands in hot water can help relax muscles and joints and relieve stiffness. Fill a cotton sock but don’t use a synthetic fiber with any kind of uncooked rice and seal it. Heat it for 2 or 3 minutes. When it cools down slightly but is still warm, place it on the sore, stiff joint for pain relief.


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